of Mount Athos
Athos peninsula is characterised by a great variety of ecosystems
forming a mosaic which, in combination with the complex relief and
the human activities, create the unique landscape
of Mount Athos.
main groups of ecosystems can be distinguished: forests, farmland
and areas with no or sparse vegetation.
can be distinguished in three main zones: a)
broadleaved species and Mediterranean conifers,
with Pinus halepensis
being the dominant pine species, b) the zone
where the dominant species is Castanea sativa, and c) the zone
The main factor which forms these zones is the climate but locally
there are modifications introduced by geology, slope and the
aspect of the ground. Of
special importance are the mixed broadleaved forests located in
the southern part of the peninsula.
important feature of the landscape are the farmplots, found mainly
around the Holy Monasteries and Scetes. Several traditional
varieties of agricultural products of Greece are maintained in
areas with sparse or no vegetation are found at the coastal zone
and at the high altitudes of Mount Athos where strong winds and
sea water, at the coastal zone, and low temperatures with strong
wind, at the alpine locations, pose severe difficulties to plant