isolation, the absence of grazing for almost 500 years, the
complex topography and the relatively high altitude of Mount Athos
which rises to 2,033 m, in combination with the variety of
climatic conditions and the diversity of rocks explain the high
diversity of flora.
the flora of Mount Athos includes 1,453 taxa which belong to 539
genera and 103 families. This diverse flora includes several local
and Balkan endemic species.
the flora of Mount Athos has a
Mediterranean origin at a percentage of 70%, Northeastern origin
15%, Balkan origin 9%, Middle European origin 4%, while a
percentage of 4% are endemic species.
floristic wealth of the area makes Mount Athos one of the richest
in plant species area in Greece.
though the isolation of Athos peninsula and the diversity of
habitats are of profound interest, the fauna of the area has not
been investigated as systematically as the flora. From the
available resources in Mount Athos we take that there have been
recorded 131 bird species, 37 mammals, 14 reptiles and 8 species
of amphibians. Detailed information about their distribution lacks
with the exception of the area of the Holy Monastery of Simonos
Petras where some detailed observations of K. Poirazidis exist (Dafis